The Video-Mediated recall procedure is a self-reported measure of remembered emotional responses and cognitions during a previous experience of social interaction with a close other such as one’s romantic partner or one’s child. The video-mediated recall procedure is a procedure by which parents and/or a member of a couple view a videotape of their interaction with their partner or child. While watching the video, they use a dial to rate their experienced emotion and/or cognitions moment-by-moment during the interaction task. The measure can be scored in a variety of ways depending on investigator interest. For example, previous research has scored the measure using average attributions rated over the episode, the proportion of negative to positive affect, and average child behavior during the task (see measured section below for details).
In the domain of romantic couples’ relationships:
[+] PMCID, PUBMED ID, or CITATION
Text Citation: Slep, A., Heyman, R., & Lorber, M. F. (2015). Coercive process and intimate partner violence in committed relationships. In T. Dishion, & J. Snyder (Eds.), Oxford handbook of coercive relationship dynamics New York: Oxford University Press.
Text Citation: Robles, T. F., Slatcher, R. B., Trombello, J. M., & McGinn, M. M. (2014). Marital quality and health: A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 140, 140. doi:10.1037/a0031859
Text Citation: Bugental, D. B., Blue, J., & Cruzcosa, M. (1989). Perceived control over caregiving outcomes: Implications for child abuse. Developmental Psychology, 25, 532–539.
Text Citation: Lorber, M. F., & O’Leary, S. G. (2005). Mediated paths to overreactive discipline: Mothers’ experienced emotion, appraisals, and physiological responses. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 972–981.
Text Citation: Weis, R., & Lovejoy, M. C. (2002). Information processing in everyday life: Emotion-congruent bias in mothers’ reports of parent–child interactions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 216–230.
Text Citation: Repetti, R. L., Taylor, S. E., & Seeman, T. E. (2002). Risky families: Family social environments and the mental and physical health of offspring. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 330-366. doi: 10.1037//0033-2909.128.2.330
In the domain of romantic couples’ relationships:
In the domain of parent‐child relationships: Mothers’ average level of appraisals, emotion, and autonomic responses during video‐mediated recall were associated with their autonomic responses and their children’s misbehavior measured during the live interactions. Less correspondence was found when similar relations were assessed in 10‐s intervals. Additional tests supported concurrent and discriminant validity of the averaged video‐mediated recall measures. Taken together, the results suggest acceptable construct validity, but that the timing of mothers’ thoughts and feelings may differ between live interactions and video‐mediated recall (Lorber, 2007).
[+] PMCID, PUBMED ID, or CITATION
Text Citation: Gottman, J. M., & Levenson, R. W. (1985). A valid procedure for obtaining self-report of affect in marital interaction. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 151-160.
Text Citation: Lorber, M. F. (2007). Validity of video-mediated recall procedures for mothers’ emotion and child ratings. Journal of Family Psychology, 21, 520-528.
This measure has been tested in parents of toddlers. In the Lorber et al. (2007; 2016) studies included ninety-seven mothers and their 2- to 3-year-old toddlers who participated in the study in return for a 2.5-hr parenting workshop. Participants were recruited through advertisements for “mothers of toddlers” in community newspapers, flyers posted in the community, phone calls based on published birth records in a local newspaper, and a random-digit-dialing telephone procedure. The mother–toddler dyads (mean child age 31.76 months, SD 6.04 months; 48 girls) had toddlers with Externalizing factor T scores between 32 and 80 (M 55.27, SD 9.19) on the Child Behavior Checklist for 1.5- to 5-year-olds (CBCL/1.5–5; Achenbach & Rescorla, 2000). Mothers’ mean age was 35.18 years (SD 4.77 years). They had a median annual family income of $90,000 (from $11,000 to $400,000). All mothers had at least a high school education, 63 had at least some college, and 21 had graduate or professional degrees. Some toddlers had one (n 46) or more (n 21) siblings. Eighty-seven of the mothers were married, and 91 mothers self-identified themselves as Caucasian.
This measure has not been influenced yet.
This measure has not been validated yet.
|Video-Mediated Affective Recall Coding||Download File|
Please refer to the file in Additional Resources for possible coding procedures and available resources.
The Science of Behavior Change (SOBC) program seeks to promote basic research on the initiation, personalization and maintenance of behavior change. By integrating work across disciplines, this effort will lead to an improved understanding of the underlying principles of behavior change. The SOBC program aims to implement a mechanisms-focused, experimental medicine approach to behavior change research and to develop the tools required to implement such an approach. The experimental medicine approach involves: identifying an intervention target, developing measures to permit verification of the target, engaging the target through experimentation or intervention, and testing the degree to which target engagement produces the desired behavior change.
Within the SOBC Measures Repository, researchers have access to measures of mechanistic targets that have been (or are in the processing of being) validated by SOBC Research Network Members and other experts in the field. The SOBC Validation Process includes three important stages of evaluation for each proposed measure: Identification, Measurement, and Influence.
The first stage of validation requires a measure to be Identified within the field; there must be theoretical support for the specific measure of the proposed mechanistic target or potential mechanism of behavior change. This evidence may include references for the proposed measure, or theoretical support for the construct that the proposed measure is intended to assess. The second stage of validation requires demonstration that the level and change in level of the chosen mechanistic target can be Measured with the proposed measure (assay). For example, if the proposed measure is a questionnaire, the score on the measure should indicate the activity of the target process, and it must have strong psychometric properties. The third stage of validation requires demonstration that the measure can be Influenced; there must be evidence that the measured target is malleable and responsive to manipulation. Evidence relating to each stage includes at least one peer-reviewed publication or original data presentation (if no peer-reviewed research is available to support the claim) and is evaluated by SOBC Research Network Members and experts in the field.
Once a measure has gone through these three stages, it will then either be Validated or Not validated according to SOBC Research Network standards. If a measure is Validated, then change in the measured target was reliably associated with Behavior Change. If a measure is Not validated, then change in the measured target was not reliably associated with Behavior Change. Why would we share measures that are not validated? The SOBC Research Network values open, rigorous, and transparent research. Our goal is to make meaningful progress and develop replicable and effective interventions in behavior change science. Therefore, the SOBC sees value in providing other researchers in the field with information regarding measures that work and measures that fall short for specific targets. Further, a measure that is not validated for one target in one population may be validated in another target or population.
Want to learn more? For any questions regarding the SOBC Validation Process or Measures Repository, please email email@example.com.
Has the mechanism been identified as a potential target for behavior change? This section summarizes theoretical support for the mechanism.
Have the psychometric properties of this measure been assessed? This section includes information such as content validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability.
Has a study manipulation led to change in the mechanism? This section addresses evidence that this measure is modifiable by experimental manipulation or clinical intervention.
Has a change in this mechanism been associated with behavior change? This section addresses empirical evidence that causing change in the measure reliably produces subsequent behavior change.