Sex: 50.1/49.9% M/F Percentage with children: 24.5 Percentage ever divorced: 13.0 Percentage with current gambling problem: 1.5 Percentage with at least one traffic ticket in last year: 8.0 Percentage arrested at least once: 21.5 Percentage arrested more than once: 10.3 Percentage with >$10,000 credit card debt: 7.9 30.65 percent subjects with BMI>30 (obese) 7.28 percent subjects with BMI>40 (extreme obesity)

[+]

Identified

The I-7 has three subscales. Two measure different aspects of impulsivity: Venturesomeness (more commonly associated with Extraversion) and Impulsiveness (more commonly associated with Psychoticism). The third assesses Empathy (Eysenck, Pearson, Easting, & Allsopp, 1985). The Impulsiveness subscale is of specific interest when considering health-relevant behaviors. Impulsivity has been associated with negative health behaviors, such as binge-eating (Claes, Vanderevcken, & Vertommen, 2002) and substance abuse (Moeller & Dougherty, 2002), highlighting its importance as a potential mechanism for behavior-change interventions.

[+] PMCID, PUBMED ID, or CITATION

Text Citation: Claes, L., Vandereycken, W., & Vertommen, H. (2002). Impulsive and compulsive traits in eating disordered patients compared with controls. Personality and Individual Differences, 32(4), 707-714.

Text Citation: Eysenck, S. B., Pearson, P. R., Easting, G., & Allsopp, J. F. (1985). Age norms for impulsiveness, venturesomeness and empathy in adults. Personality and individual differences, 6(5), 613-619.

Text Citation: Moeller, F. G., & Dougherty, D. M. (2002). Impulsivity and substance abuse: what is the connection?. Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment, 1(1), 3-10.

Measured

During scale development, a set of 90 items were administered to 1320 subjects (57.65% female). These items were drawn from a previous version of the Impulsiveness questionnaire (the I-5) and included additional potential items (the total combination was termed the I-6). Principal components analysis was used to confirm the three-factor structure, and items were selected to maximize reliabilities (across male and female participants, Impulsiveness: αs > .83; Venturesomeness: αs > .84; Empathy: αs = .69) and reduce the correlation between Impulsiveness and Venturesomeness (across male and female participants, rs < .38). The 1985 paper additionally reports age and gender norms for each subscale (Eysenck et al., 1985).

[+] PMCID, PUBMED ID, or CITATION

Text Citation: Eysenck, S. B., Pearson, P. R., Easting, G., & Allsopp, J. F. (1985). Age norms for impulsiveness, venturesomeness and empathy in adults. Personality and individual differences, 6(5), 613-619.

[+] Demographics

Sex: 50.1/49.9% M/F
Percentage with children: 24.5
Percentage ever divorced: 13.0
Percentage with current gambling problem: 1.5
Percentage with at least one traffic ticket in last year: 8.0
Percentage arrested at least once: 21.5
Percentage arrested more than once: 10.3
Percentage with >$10,000 credit card debt: 7.9
30.65 percent subjects with BMI>30 (obese)
7.28 percent subjects with BMI>40 (extreme obesity)

Influenced

This measure has not been influenced yet.

Validated

This measure has not been validated yet.

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Additional Resources

I-7: Impulsiveness and Venturesomeness Questionnaire Visit Link

SOBC Validation Process

The Science of Behavior Change (SOBC) program seeks to promote basic research on the initiation, personalization and maintenance of behavior change. By integrating work across disciplines, this effort will lead to an improved understanding of the underlying principles of behavior change. The SOBC program aims to implement a mechanisms-focused, experimental medicine approach to behavior change research and to develop the tools required to implement such an approach. The experimental medicine approach involves: identifying an intervention target, developing measures to permit verification of the target, engaging the target through experimentation or intervention, and testing the degree to which target engagement produces the desired behavior change.

Within the SOBC Measures Repository, researchers have access to measures of mechanistic targets that have been (or are in the processing of being) validated by SOBC Research Network Members and other experts in the field. The SOBC Validation Process includes three important stages of evaluation for each proposed measure: Identification, Measurement, and Influence.

The first stage of validation requires a measure to be Identified within the field; there must be theoretical support for the specific measure of the proposed mechanistic target or potential mechanism of behavior change. This evidence may include references for the proposed measure, or theoretical support for the construct that the proposed measure is intended to assess. The second stage of validation requires demonstration that the level and change in level of the chosen mechanistic target can be Measured with the proposed measure (assay). For example, if the proposed measure is a questionnaire, the score on the measure should indicate the activity of the target process, and it must have strong psychometric properties. The third stage of validation requires demonstration that the measure can be Influenced; there must be evidence that the measured target is malleable and responsive to manipulation. Evidence relating to each stage includes at least one peer-reviewed publication or original data presentation (if no peer-reviewed research is available to support the claim) and is evaluated by SOBC Research Network Members and experts in the field.

Once a measure has gone through these three stages, it will then either be Validated or Not validated according to SOBC Research Network standards. If a measure is Validated, then change in the measured target was reliably associated with Behavior Change. If a measure is Not validated, then change in the measured target was not reliably associated with Behavior Change. Why would we share measures that are not validated? The SOBC Research Network values open, rigorous, and transparent research. Our goal is to make meaningful progress and develop replicable and effective interventions in behavior change science. Therefore, the SOBC sees value in providing other researchers in the field with information regarding measures that work and measures that fall short for specific targets. Further, a measure that is not validated for one target in one population may be validated in another target or population.

Want to learn more? For any questions regarding the SOBC Validation Process or Measures Repository, please email info@scienceofbehaviorchange.org.

Identified

Has the mechanism been identified as a potential target for behavior change? This section summarizes theoretical support for the mechanism.

Measured

Have the psychometric properties of this measure been assessed? This section includes information such as content validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability.

Influenced

Has a study manipulation led to change in the mechanism? This section addresses evidence that this measure is modifiable by experimental manipulation or clinical intervention.

Not Validated

Has a change in this mechanism been associated with behavior change? This section addresses empirical evidence that causing change in the measure reliably produces subsequent behavior change.